Paul Kagame News Forums Rwanda and Burundi Voices ABACUNGUZI BA FDLR/FOCA

Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Viewing 10 posts - 1 through 10 (of 63 total)
  • Author
    Posts
  • #1673

    UBUTUMWA BW’UBUYOBOZI BUKURU BWA FOCA BUGENEWE ABACUNGUZI BA FDLR/FOCA.

    Kuva tariki ya 27 Gicurasi 2016, koloneli Irategeka Wilson wari vise Perezida wa kabiri w’urugaga FDLR, yaragumutse, yanga ibyemezo yafatiwe na komite nyobozi yateranye nka Comité de Résistance National des FDLR tariki ya 23 kugeza 26 Gicurasi, kubera amakosa yo kutumvira ubutegetsi bumukuriye, no gushora impunzi z’Abacunguzi mu bikorwa binyuranye n’urugamba turwana rwo kuzirengera no kuzazitahana mu cyubahiro zifite ijambo mu gihugu cyacu.
    Kuva tariki ya 30 Gicurasi 2016, ari guhamagarira abacunguzi bamwe ba FOCA b’umutima mucye woroshye kugumuka bitabira icyo yita CNRD-ubwiyunge,(Conseil National pour la Réconciliation et la Démocratie)
    Yashingiye ibirindiro i Nyarubande (Bwito / Rutchuru)muri RD Congo.

    Iryo gumuka rifite imizi kure ishingiye mu gushwanisha abacunguzi, no gushaka gusenya FDLR ngo aboneremo indonke y’amafaranga, no kujya gutuzwa mu mahanga ya kure mu munezero.

    Bacunguzi, Bacunguzikazi, mwibuke bya hafi, ibyo twagiye tubagezaho bya : la grande enigme des FDLR by’amacakubiri ya « ndugustes na kigustes » ; ibya CPC (Coalition des partis politiques pour le changement) ; ibya ERM (Equal Rights Movement), none bigeze na CRND-ubwiyunge. Nta bwiyunge nta bumwe Irategeka Wilson ashaka bw’abacunguzi, habe n’ubw’abanyarwanda. Kuko mu byo arimo gukora, ari kuvangura, yikururira, ahera ku aba Nyakabanda (Gitarama) aho avuka n’abandi babyitabira ku izina gusa ngo « ndi uwo mu majyepfo y’u Rwanda ».

    Ubutegetsi bwa FOCA by’umwihariko, buramagana koloneli Irategeka Wilson n’abategetsi ba gisirikari bamuyobotse kwigumura mu nzego zose, bakomeje no kunyonya abacunguzi babashukisha intica ntikize y’udufaranga. Yo se izageza ryari ? Bacunguzi, twakwibagirwa ibyagendekeye abo ba Mahoro Jerubali na cemuce (CMC : Commandement Miltaire pour le Changement ), na Musare na rudi ye (RUD : …) bashutse ? Ubu bahagaze he ? Gute ? Irategeka alias Lumbago niyo CRND se nibo gakiza gashya azaniye abacunguzi ?

    Ubuyobozi bwa FOCA, burasaba abacunguzi bakurikiye buhumyi abigumuye ko bashyira ubwenge ku gihe, bakibaza, bakisubiza, bakaba abagabo bakagaruka mu nzira nziza ya FDLR/FOCA. Bagarutse mu gihe kitarenze iminsi icumi uhereye tariki ya 1 Kamena 2016, bakagarukana ibikoresho by’Urugaga FDLR batwaye, barababarirwa. Nyuma y’aho n’Imana imbabazi ntiyazitanga.

    Abinangiye, bakomeje gushukwa, ngo bagiye mu gisirikari gihemba buri kwezi, bazi uko byagendekeye aba twavuze haruguru, nibagende bazi ko bagiye kubacyura bugwate mu Rwanda kandi ko ingoyi ya Kagame ibategereje. Bibuke ko twasimbutse inzitizi nyinshi z’abakinisha politiki nka Higiro JMV, Rwarakabije Paul, Muhindo Hyacinte n’abandi… Basimbuke n’uru !

    Ubutegetsi bwa FOCA burashima abatangiye kwitandukanya n’abo bagizi ba nabi bashaka gusenya FDLR, bafashijwe n’amahanga amwe y’iyi si abari inyuma, batazi “agati kateretswe n’Imana”.

    Ubutegetsi bwa FDLR/FOCA burashimira bunizeza abakomeje umutsi (résister ) ko bazi kureba kure heza hazaza ; kandi batibagirwa vuba amateka twanyuzemo y’u Rwanda ; barangaza imbere inyungu za rubanda nyamwinshi itsikamiwe ngo bababohore agahotoro k’ingoma mbi nkora maraso ya FPR Inkotanyi.

    Ubuyobozi bwa FOCA burizeza kandi abanyarwanda bose, cyane b’impunzi aho bari hose ko itazatezuka, ku mugambi wo kubohoza abarengana bose ku ruhembe rw’umuheto niba inzira y’amahoro n’ibiganiro na Leta ya Kigali itabonetse.

    Bacunguzi, Bacunguzikazi n’incuti ba FDLR/FOCA, dukomeze umutsi, tumenye ko Imana ifasha uwifashije kandi ko intsinzi iri hafi !
    Twirinde amacakubiri y’uturere, izo ngumuke ziri gucengeza mu bantu.
    Amen !
    Bikozwe tariki ya 3 Kamena 2016
    Le Commandant des FOCA
    (sé)

    #1677

    Bacunguzi mwashutswe na Lumbago, mugaruke bitarenze taliki 10/06/2016 umuriro utarabakiraho murababarirwa ,nkuko umukuru w’ingabo za FOCA yabitangaje.Nyuma yaho ni ibihano
    . Dore inzu Rukokoma yahaye Hamada i Kampala ngo basenye FDLR muri Kivu y’amajyepfo, none Hamada yahunze abasirikare bamwangiye. Bagurishije abacunguzi kwa Kagame none batahuwe.

    #1679

    BANYARWANDA, TWIBOHORE DUTSINDE UBWOBA :
    Kuba Kagame Paul akangisha ibitwaro by’intambara, ntacyo bizamumarira umunsi abanyarwanda twese twahagurutse, duharanira uburenganzira bwacu tuvutswa. Sadam Hussein, Kadhafi, Bagbo na Taylor bamubera urugero rwiza. Nta bwisanzure mu Rwanda, amatora Kagame n’agatsiko ke barayiba, barangiza bakabeshya amahanga n’abanyarwanda ngo batowe. Kagame n’agatsiko ke bategekesha igitugu bihisha inyuma y’ubwoko bw’abatutsi. Nyuma y’ibyo Kagame akora bibi muri RDCongo, nimurebe ukuntu ari guhungabanya umutekano mu Burundi, ngo akureho Perezida Nkurunziza w’umuhutu. Kagame nka perezida wirirwa yita ibigarasha abanze akarengane ke. Reba ukuntu Kagame ateranya abavandimwe ngo bashinjanye mu nkiko ( Rutaremara ashinja musanzire we Col Rusagara) ; yica abatemera ibibi bye akigarurira n’imitungo yabo kandi ari bo babohoye u Rwanda ( Rwigara Assinapol, Col Karegeya, Gen Nyamwasa, Seth Sendashonga,…) ; gufunga abo akeka ko bazamusimbura ( Deo Mushayidi, Mme Ingabire Victoire, Bizimungu Pasteur, …) ; Gukoresha uburetwa TIG imfungwa z’abahutu, politiki yo gukenesha abaturage ( imisoro n’imisanzu ikabije idasobanutse, guhombya abahinzi bategekwa guhinga igihingwa kimwe mu karere, …) ; gukatwa ku mishahara nta mpamvu, Leta ntishakira akazi abarangije amashuri kandi ari inshingano yayo (akazi gahabwa abana b’abategetsi biyise abayobozi ngo babone uko barya rubanda) ; ibicuruzwa bihenze kubera imisoro ; …
    Bavandimwe dutinyuke dutsinde ubwoba, mu matsinda mato mato azajya akura, tujye tuganira ku karengane n’akababaro kacu, tugire ubutwari tudasubiranamo, tubabarirane, twirinde kuba ba ntibindeba ngo abandi babirimo, nta kwigaya twibwira ko ntacyo twakwigezaho, abadutsikamiye ntibazakomeza kudupyinagaza niduhagurukira rimwe. Buri wese nakora icyo ashoboye ( inkunga iyo ariyo yose) , tuzabigeraho kuko ubwenge n’imbaraga turabifite. Turwanye dukoresheje uburyo bwose abo baniga demokarasi, bagoreka amateka bitwaje jenoside. Aho kuba imbwa naba imva ariko ntabara imbaga.

    BANYARWANDA, TWIRUKANE KAGAME PAUL N’AGATSIKO KE BARATUREMBEJE. BANYARWANDA, TWIBOHORE DUTSINDE UBWOBA :
    Kuba Kagame Paul akangisha ibitwaro by’intambara, ntacyo bizamumarira umunsi abanyarwanda twese twahagurutse, duharanira uburenganzira bwacu tuvutswa. Sadam Hussein, Kadhafi, Bagbo na Taylor bamubera urugero rwiza. Nta bwisanzure mu Rwanda, amatora Kagame n’agatsiko ke barayiba, barangiza bakabeshya amahanga n’abanyarwanda ngo batowe. Kagame n’agatsiko ke bategekesha igitugu bihisha inyuma y’ubwoko bw’abatutsi. Nyuma y’ibyo Kagame akora bibi muri RDCongo, nimurebe ukuntu ari guhungabanya umutekano mu Burundi, ngo akureho Perezida Nkurunziza w’umuhutu. Kagame nka perezida wirirwa yita ibigarasha abanze akarengane ke. Reba ukuntu Kagame ateranya abavandimwe ngo bashinjanye mu nkiko ( Rutaremara ashinja musanzire we Col Rusagara) ; yica abatemera ibibi bye akigarurira n’imitungo yabo kandi ari bo babohoye u Rwanda ( Rwigara Assinapol, Col Karegeya, Gen Nyamwasa, Seth Sendashonga,…) ; gufunga abo akeka ko bazamusimbura ( Deo Mushayidi, Mme Ingabire Victoire, Bizimungu Pasteur, …) ; Gukoresha uburetwa TIG imfungwa z’abahutu, politiki yo gukenesha abaturage ( imisoro n’imisanzu ikabije idasobanutse, guhombya abahinzi bategekwa guhinga igihingwa kimwe mu karere, …) ; gukatwa ku mishahara nta mpamvu, Leta ntishakira akazi abarangije amashuri kandi ari inshingano yayo (akazi gahabwa abana b’abategetsi biyise abayobozi ngo babone uko barya rubanda) ; ibicuruzwa bihenze kubera imisoro ; …
    Bavandimwe dutinyuke dutsinde ubwoba, mu matsinda mato mato azajya akura, tujye tuganira ku karengane n’akababaro kacu, tugire ubutwari tudasubiranamo, tubabarirane, twirinde kuba ba ntibindeba ngo abandi babirimo, nta kwigaya twibwira ko ntacyo twakwigezaho, abadutsikamiye ntibazakomeza kudupyinagaza niduhagurukira rimwe. Buri wese nakora icyo ashoboye ( inkunga iyo ariyo yose) , tuzabigeraho kuko ubwenge n’imbaraga turabifite. Turwanye dukoresheje uburyo bwose abo baniga demokarasi, bagoreka amateka bitwaje jenoside. Aho kuba imbwa naba imva ariko ntabara imbaga.

    BANYARWANDA, TWIRUKANE KAGAME PAUL N’AGATSIKO KE BARATUREMBEJE.

    #1680

    Open letter of a citizen of Rwanda

    1. The majority of the people of Rwanda shouts loud and clear the dictatorial power, bloodthirsty, tyrannical and oligarchic rpf (Rwandan Patriotic Front) Inkotanyi in Rwanda. The evidence to the naked eye: of arbitrary assassinations of opponents are numerous, kidnapping and imprisonment of any person, married not the ideology of the rpf, ideology that refers only to the maintenance of power for life by the clique tutsi rpf to the head Paul Kagame. The elections are rigged and the population vote by terrorism, the last election of the referendum on 18/12/2015 is proof of that.
    2. The power of the rpf inkotanyi has been enriched by the diversion of National Heritage, the mass popular and especially an ethnic hutu is exploited in all areas of life in the country on behalf of the party-State the rpf inkotanyi, while Cheating on the international community that it is the development of the country. It’s the clique rpf who holds the entire economy of Rwanda.
    3. Arbitrary arrests in mass are multiplying in these last days, a lot of rwandans are imprisoned in prisons die non-official present in each district where the torture and inhuman treatment are frequent until death (Amabagiro Y ‘ Abahutu). The examples in support: in locality uger, sector gitoki, Gatsibo District, Eastern Province; in rwamagana district, province is, carrefour roads rwamagana-Kigali and gishari-Kigali, near the training centre of the police and rice (industry Rice). The power of kigali covers these arrests speaking of hunting vagrants / offenders (Inzererezi). The survivors from these secret prisons become mental handicaps and / or physical. With regard to these informal prisons under the direction of the DMI (Directorate military intergence), we also think the recruitment planned throughout the country to fuel the battle in burundi and drcongo or pagan rituals to offer offerings at the end of the Year, or simply in the plan of the rpf to exterminate the hutus. And this census of demobilized soldiers below the age of 40 and their families? The workouts of burundian refugees, officers and men of troops?
    4. Rwandans have the great fear to express their thoughts following the terrorism of the rpf, which is why I raise my voice to ask for your intervention.
    Rwandan to mobilize to hunt for the power of Paul Kagame and his cronies.
    International organizations to contribute to the establishment of democracy in Rwanda: The United Nations, the security council of the United Nations, the African Union, sadc, the icglr, the international humanitarian organizations (human rights watch, AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL,…) , natural or legal person.
    Ntabwoba Peter
    Kigali Rwanda

    #1681

    Abaturage bo mu kagari ka Kigombe mu murenge wa Muhoza mu karere ka Musanze, baravuga ko abayobozi b’akagari kabo bafunguje konti muri banki, ishyirwaho amafaranga baka abaturage nta bisobanuro afite.

    Abaturage bo muri aka kagari bemeza ko amafaranga bashyira kuri iyi konti nta bisobanuro bifatika aba afite, bakabibonamo uburyo bwo kurya ruswa, ariko bakirinda kuyakira mu ntoki.

    Bemeza ko mu rwego rwo kubona uburyo bworoshye bwo kumvisha umuturage ko amafaranga yakwa n’ubuyobozi akurikije amategeko, njyanama y’akagari ka Kigombe ifatanije n’abayobozi bako ngo bafunguye konti muri Sacco Abamuhoza, iyo ngo ikaba igamije kujya ishyirwaho amafaranga nayo atagira inyemezabwishyu.

     

    Umukuru w’umudugudu utemeye ubu buryo bushya ngo “njyanama irakwirukana”.

    Kayitesi Theophile, umukuru w’umudugudu wa Rukereza yagize ati:“Kuri ubu hari bamwe mu bayobozi bashatse amayeri menshi yo kurya imitsi ya rubanda, njyanama y’akagari kacu ifatanije na Gitifu w’akagari bafunguye muri Sacco konti, aho twasabwaga gushyira amafaranga duciye umuturage atagira icyemezo.

    Ayo kandi njyanama ni yo iyikuriraho ntituzi icyo iyakoresha, kuba rero njye na bagenzi banjye uko ari 2 twarabyanze, Gitifu yaratwandikiye adusaba kwegura, ibintu bitangaje, nonese niba bavuga ko kubaka bigombera icyemezo njyewe nzakurahe icyo guha umuturage nta kora muri serivise y’ubwubatsi?”.

    Ntawuritimana Stephanie, nawe yagize ati:“Ibikorwa n’ubuyobozi bwacu biraturambiye, none se umbwira ute ko umuntu yahaguruka mu gitondo agashinga ikigega kitemewe n’amategeko, ubuyobozi burebera ahubwo uvuze agahanwa? turifuza ko ibi bintu byacika umuyobozi akarya utwe gusa”.

    Ukuriye njyanama y’akagari ka Kigombe Daniel Ahintuje, yavuze ko kiriya kigega koko bagishyizeho kitemewe n’amategeko, gusa ngo cyari kigamije iterambere ry’akagari.

    Yagize ati:“Birashoboka ko inyito yabaye mbi ariko twari dufite gahunda yo kuzajya tuyakuruza umuriro no mu buryo bwo gukemura ibibazo akagari kagenda gahura na byo.Mbese byari muri gahunda yo kwigira.

    Njyewe rero ntabwo mbibonamo gukusanya ruswa, gusa ubuyobozi bw’umurenge bwadusabye kugifunga kandi tugiye kubikora”.

    Umunyamabanga Nshingwabikorwa w’umurenge wa Muhoza Sebashotsi Jean Paul, yabwiye Imvaho Nshya ko nabo iki kigega cyashyizweho batabizi, gusa ngo basabye ubuyobozi bw’aka karere kugifunga vuba.

    Yagize ati:“Natwe ntabwo twari tuzi ko kariya kagari n’abayobozi bashinze kiriya kigega aho tubimenyeye rero twabasabye gufunga iyo konti, nyuma y’aho kandi tugiye gukurikirana ibyabo kuko ntituzihanganira abayobozi bagenda bahimba amayeri aganisha kuri ruswa”.

     

    #1683

    Igitabo “RWANDA : UKURI KWAHISHUWE” cyanditswe na Hassan Ngeze. Kije gikurikira ikindi giherutse gusohoka cyitwa “Rwanda – Igicumbi cy’ikinyoma”. Igitabo “RWANDA : UKURI KWAHISHUWE” cyubakiyek’ubushakashatsi ndenga-mipaka bugamije ukuri. Nkuko Hassan Ngeze abyivugira, “igitekerezo nyamukuru, ni ukudahera mu mateka mabi, ahubwo tugahaguruka duharanira ubwitange bubereye inyabutatu, abatwa, abahutu n’abatutsi.” Ibyanditse muri iki gitabo byose abifitiye gihamya, akaba ari nayo mpamvu gishimishije, kibohora imitima, kandi gitera inkunga mu gukomeza gukunda no gukorera u Rwanda. Ahereye ku mateka ya kera, Ngeze Hassan ashyira ahagaragara ibibazo byaranze ubutegetsi, n’ibituma bidahinduka kandi ku ngoma zose.

    Agakomeza avuga ati: “Ni igihe cyo guhuza ibyo dushoboye byiza byose ngo twiyubake, twisane aho twakomeretse, tubwirane ukuri duhereye ku byabaye ntaho tubogamiye, ntawe duhutaje, kandi twubaka igihugu cyacu, u Rwanda, umurage twiherewe na Gihanga, igihugu kirangwa n’uburanga. Igitabo mugiye gusoma cyanditswe muri iki gitekerezo, duhuriyeho, kandi kizabera umurage barumuna bacu, abana bacu, ubuvivi n’ubuvivure, imyaka amagana, mwese mubere u Rwanda. Abantu bavugwa mu gitabo, hari benshi bakiriho, abandi bitabye Imana. Niba muri politiki haragaragaye ikinyoma cyamunze ubutegetsi bikatugeza aho muzi, hiyongereyeho uruhare rwa ba Mpatsibihugu rutibagiranye. Nta kintu kiza nko gusobanukirwa impamvu z’amagorwa igihugu cyacu cyanyuzemo, hakaboneka ababidusobanurira ku mugaragaro. Umusanzu w’umwanditsi n’umusanzu w’umusomyi w’iki gitabo nibyo bizubaka u Rwanda rwo gahoraho.Muryoherwe n’ukuri

    #1684

    WHAT YOU DIDN’T KNOW ABOUT HIMBARA AND WHY HE LOST THE NUTS

    WHAT YOU DIDN’T KNOW ABOUT HIMBARA AND WHY HE LOST THE NUTS

    Himbara, whose real name is Murunganywa, was born in Rwanda, but grew up in Gashojwa in Nakivale, Ankole, Uganda and lived a lonely life as a child due to the circumstances of his birth.

    He is a son to late Mzee Byabagamba, who fathered him with his step mother, the last wife to his father. This, in any African culture is not only a taboo, but an omen. Himbara had become an unwanted child, which greatly affected his life.

    Those who grew up with him told us they know him as a loner who never socialized with other children, but a good traditional dancer as his dad was a trainer.

    Himbara endured refuge life as did so many other young Rwandans. He was very unfortunate he was one of those who succumbed to jiggers, which was a common scenario to many a village children who lived a poor and miserable life.

    As a youth, he never had the opportunity to succeed academically, life had become such a huge burden.

    In the 70s, late Idi Amin as the President of Uganda was targeting Rwandan refugees, forcing many to flee.

    Some crossed to Kenya, others to Tanzania and beyond seeking asylum and employment. Himbara was then in his twenties, he also crossed into Kenya.

    Life squeezed him so hard, he ended up on the streets of Nairobi, hanging out at spots frequented by tourists.

    His unscrupulous charm netted an unsuspecting African-American woman. They hooked-up so quickly and the woman helped him get travel documents and flew with him to Toronto, Canada.

    “They lived together unofficially married for about three years,” one of his old friends who met him in Canada says. Later, he adds, “Himbara was able to acquire Canadian nationality and that was it, he abandoned her and disappeared.”

    Himbara struggled with life and managed to settle down with another woman, a Lucayan from the West Indies.

    Himbara’s life was difficult to describe, but quite interesting. He had been washed, had no single Rwandan trait or values. It was some sort of an adventure. Traditionally Rwandans smoke tobacco. Himbara smoked marijuana, abused drugs and kept dreadlocks.

    He was completely a knew character, but consistent with his lifestyle, violent, reckless and understandably selfish.

    That was in the 80s. The struggle for Rwandan refugees to return home was then gaining momentum, including as far as Canada. Rwandan refuges in Canada started mobilising funds and resources to support the movement, the Rwanda Patriotic Front (RPF).

    They kept a good network and all Rwandans knew who was living where and doing what. Despite the fact that he had distanced himself from the network, but he was known.

    He was never supportive of the cause nether did he care to know. His interests were far in South Africa, where he later lived after moving from Canada in the 90s.

    He created some sort of an association, called “Solidarity”. While the RPF mobilised and recruited the youths in Canada to join the movement, Himbara was also competing to recruit them to join the Apartheid struggle in South Africa for the African National Congress (ANC).

    He never succeeded though, it was such a big task to undertake. The late Claude Dusaidi who was a staunch RPF mobiliser and a prolific political activist, had become a magnet for the young exiles in Canada. Dusaidi knew Himbara very well enough than many of his associates.

    In fact when the Apartheid ended, Himbara ceremoniously flew to South Africa and abandoned his wife. While there, he encountered Dusaidi and exchanged contacts as brothers from the same country.

    The genocide had ended and RPF had defeated the genocidal regime and was then in power. Dusaidi had been appointed a political adviser to then Vice President, Paul Kagame, and was respected and admired for his determination.

    Himbara desperately lived in South Africa. It was hard there. The country was still fragile and shaky. He traveled to Uganda from where he crossed to Rwanda.

    He met relatives and a couple of long time friends and the boys he played with in the childhood days in Uganda.

    Dusaidi was one of the people who spotted Himabara in Kigali, but wondered what had changed Himbara to make him love the country he never had at heart.

    But trust Himbara, his manipulative and fearless antics worked well.

    Despite Dusaidi having advised the RPF not to extend any favours or offer him a job, we are yet to establish what means he used to become the President’s Private Principal Secretary.

    Unfortunately, Himbara abused the office he was given, including refusing to go through security checks and occasionally harassing presidential guards, and putting the president’s security at risk.

    He would abandon his car at the gate, blocking the president’s entrance, whenever guards insisted they had to check it.

    The relationship between him and other institutions was always sour. He regularly abused the Prime Minister, several times telephoning him and insulting him. His late night phone calls with insults while drank is what every minister knows about from Himbara.

    He would even force and intimidate them and other heads of public institutions into signing on doubtful documents.

    Apparently, the number of tenders he forced to be awarded to people of his choice are countless. All these cases are well documented.

    Simply put, David Himbara, a womanizer, is a hostile, careless, selfish arrogant and a big-mouthed fella who sucked life and energy out of his colleagues.

    He cannot count how many times he had to apologise for dubious acts, until the day he fled the country. He was given another chance to come back.He never changed. It got worse.

    The damage he has caused with his subversive activities for Rwanda while in exile has no price tag.

    We are investigating what transpired during his time as a public servant. Once all facts are established, conclusively, no sooner than later, we will have the article published.

    #1686

    Umusanzu Hassan Ngeze yageneye Abanyarwanda bose abariho n’abazabaho.
    Banyarwanda duhuje kandi dusangiye ubunyarwanda.
    Nimuze twishakemo ibiduhuza maze tubizirikane tugambiriye kubibonamo umuti w’ibyagombye kudutanya byose.
    U Rwanda rwatubyaye rwifuza ko tureshya muri byose ari na ko twuzuzanya mubyo turushanyaho ubushobozi.
    Ibyiza biduhuza ni byinshi, nimuze twibuke ko umugongo waduhetse ari umwe, ingombyi yaduhetse ni imwe ; inkongoro yatureze twese ni imwe nta yindi, ni kanyarwanda. Ibi ni byo byagombye gutuma ubumwe n’ubuvandimwe bwacu butubera inkingi abandi b’ahandi babona ko tubarusha.
    Twere guta igihe kitabarika mu mateka mabi yaturanze harimo n’ayaranze abatubanjirije, ndavuga amwe yaducuje abacu akadusiga iheruheru mu bihe bitandukanye by’ubuzima bwacu.
    Nta butwari na buke buboneka mu makuba n’ibyago buri wese yabayemo mu bihe bitandukanye by’ubuzima bwa buri wese , ubupfubyi n’ubuhunzi, ntasize ukwiheba bivanze n’ubwoba byaranze imibereho yacu.
    Imahanga ni imahanga, niyo mpamvu hiswe ishyanga, nitujyeyo tugiye guhaha ibyo dukeneye iwacu , twirinde icyadusubizayo tugiye kwaka ubuhungiro. cyangwa kwangara.
    Imbere yacu nimuze tuhabyaze ibyiza byinshi Iyaduhanze yadutegenyirije. U Rwanda rwacu turuhindure isoko y’ubwiyunge, ubutabera , kubabarirana n’ubusabane hagati y’abavandimwe.
    Ukuri, kwiyakira, kuramburira amaboko uwo mudahuje ukwemera n’imitekerereze, bibe inkingi ya buri wese.
    Ibyabaye bibi byose bitubere amateka mabi twanyuzemo tutabyifuza, tubyiyuhagire tubyita imyanda tutifuza kuzongera kwambara.
    Bahungu na mwe bakobwa ; bagabo na mwe bagore, basaza na mwe bakecuru, bana na mwe rubyiruko , nimuze twese dushakane, dusangane, duhoberana tuvuga duti ; « Harakabaho uyu munsi uhuje abavandimwe bene Kanyarwanda, abavandimwe biyemeje kureba imbere bashakisha ibyabahuza kurusha ibyabatanya . »
    Nibiba ngombwa tubyifuje imahanga, tuhashake abageni batubyarire abana, duharanira kwagura umuryango nyarwanda no kuhabona abavugizi

    #1687

    The international community has ensured legal immunity for Rwandan President Paul Kagame despite evidence of the RPF’s responsibility for war crimes.

    Rwanda President Paul Kagama poses with US President Barack Obama and First Lady Michelle Obama, September 23, 2009 (Lawrence Jackson/White House)

    The 1994 Rwandan genocide has often been described as the fastest killing spree of the twentieth century, taking up to a million victims in a mere 100 days. One of the key drivers of the murders was fear: fear of an actual army in jackboots and fatigues encroaching by the day, but also fear of their allies on the ground, the so-called fifth column. In the first case, the fear was obviously justified: a Tutsi rebel army had invaded four years earlier and seemed poised to overthrow the Hutu-dominated government. Now newly uncovered evidence suggests another motivator – fear of Tutsi civilians – was also justified.

    Several confidential documents from the UN’s International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) provide chilling evidence that Tutsi civilians worked hand-in-hand with Paul Kagame’s Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) to commit crimes against Hutus in 1994. The evidence from these documents is bolstered by lengthy interviews with individuals who witnessed these operations.
    The ICTR documents refer to RPF’s abakada or civilian cadres and the ‘loyal population’ assisting the RPF in committing massive human rights abuses across the country. Abakada were Tutsi technocrats recruited before, during and after the genocide. They became the interface between the RPF on the one hand, and UN agencies, NGOs, human rights investigators and journalists on the other. The cadres played a crucial role in Rwanda’s statecraft and propaganda system after the genocide.

    The crimes cited in UN documents included identifying prominent Hutus that would later be executed, locating and putting Hutus in dungeons, delivering Hutus over to RPF intelligence agents and digging mass graves to bury victims. The ICTR documents—which contain identifying information and cannot be made public—consist of testimony from former RPF members who broke with the regime.

    Rwandans Betraying Each Other

    Several confidential documents from the UN’s International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) provide chilling evidence that Tutsi civilians worked hand-in-hand with Paul Kagame’s Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) to commit crimes against Hutus in 1994.”
    The full horror of what happened in Rwanda in 1994 remains largely unknown in the West, although a significant amount of history has been well documented and verified. What we officially know is that Hutu hardliners and a portion of the civilian population exterminated Tutsis in locally organized massacres, as national broadcasts of Hutu RTLM radio demonized Tutsis and provided a degree of approbation the killers actively sought. Human rights groups, journalists and academics have estimated that at least 600,000 Tutsis were killed from April to July 1994. What shocked the world the most was the ‘popular element’ of the genocide—that Hutu peasants dared to kill their Tutsi neighbors and in some cases, members of their own families that were Tutsis. In his book The Order of Genocide, Scott Straus explores the profile of the genocide perpetrator. After conducting extensive research in Rwandan prisons, Straus posits that most of the murders of Tutsis were carried out by a small group of ‘extremely zealous killers, paramilitaries and soldiers.’ About a quarter of the murders were committed by ordinary Hutus, he says, estimating that seven to eight percent of the Hutu adult population, or 14 to 17 percent of adult Hutu males, actively killed Tutsis or Hutus opposed to the violence.

    Yet there are eerie parallels between how the violence played out in Hutu government-controlled and in Tutsi RPF-controlled zones, and how Rwandans from both ethnic groups seemed ready to betray one another as soon as their president, Juvenal Habyarimana, a Hutu, was assassinated on April 6.  Ultimately, with its top-down command structure and superior political organization, the RPF was better able to conceal its crimes and control the narrative.

    Denouncing and Delivering Hutus in RPF-Controlled Zones
    A civilian from Byumba in northern Rwanda who joined the RPF during the genocide gave detailed testimony on the role of civilian cadres to ICTR investigators. The prefecture of Byumba was largely controlled by the RPF at the outset of the genocide.

    “As of April 8, 1994, there no were no (Hutu) ex-government soldiers in the region of Ngarama, prefecture of Byumba. RPF soldiers and cadres were monitoring the region. They began to enlist all young people into their ranks. At that time, murders and disappearances started. They began to target intellectuals and politicians that belonged to the former regime, and former mayors, town councillors, teachers and business people.”

    The witness provided a partial list of victims killed, people he knew personally, including a Hutu agronomist who worked for the NGO Care International. He said the victims had initially run away from RPF forces but were lured back and promised they would be safe and could remain in their jobs. “In the end they were killed, just as they feared,” the witness said. The bodies were dumped in a mass grave near the Mugera market, he said, pointing out that countless peasants were also murdered in other locations throughout the commune.

    Excerpt of the testimony of a former RPF soldier to the ICTR
    In July 1994, units in every RPF battalion were operating dungeons and counted on the ‘loyal population’ to imprison Hutus they considered ‘Interahamwe’’—a Hutu militia that had killed Tutsis during the genocide. The witness said the ‘loyal population’ consisted of Tutsi genocide survivors and Tutsi refugees who had grown up in Uganda and were repatriated to Rwanda.  “Former soldiers were arrested and executed in these dungeons, as were Hutu intellectuals, former regime members and all people considered obstacles, known as bipingamizi.”

    “Civilians cadres were the ones who identified individuals to be delivered to soldiers. They did so according to their own interests. All soldiers had to do was kill.”

    A second document compiled by ICTR investigators reveals the phenomenon of the ‘loyal population’ singling out suspects to be placed in dungeons. The investigators said that when the International Red Cross and NGOs became aware of the existence of the dungeons, the RPF moved the prisoners to other locations where they were executed.

    A third ICTR document featuring testimony gathered in 2002 from a civilian cadre said many of his colleagues in Byumba were denouncing and delivering Hutus over to the RPF’s notorious DMI, the Directorate of Military Intelligence, as a matter of procedure. “There were disappearances in the refugee camps.  People disappeared after being denounced by certain cadres. The cadres worked with their informants and reported back to DMI.”

    A fourth ICTR document revealed similar testimony of DMI agents working with cadres in refugee camps to interrogate people suspected of being ‘extremists.’ The people who were interrogated, for the most part, ‘disappeared.’

    A fifth ICTR document, dated 2005 and 54 pages long, describes in detail the killing operations carried out by Kagame’s forces in Giti, a commune where no genocide against Tutsis had been committed.  The testimony from a senior DMI official stationed in Giti is downright grisly. He describes DMI mobile units arriving in Giti and neighboring Rutare in April, rounding up Hutu civilians and shooting them dead or hacking them with hoes. He said Tutsi volunteers were recruited into the RPF at a fast pace in these areas and helped dig mass graves. Many of the Tutsi civilians were called the Tiger Force. The Tiger Force would later plant banana groves over the graves in order to camouflage the sites, he explained.

    The former RPF official said a network of ‘civil intelligence services’ was created upon the request of Kagame and Kayumba Nyamwasa, then head of DMI. This network was to work closely with DMI to gather intelligence within the civilian population.

    Giti became a clearinghouse for murder, according to the DMI agent. Many Hutus were brought there from other areas and the RPF eventually ran out of room to bury the men, women and children they killed. The Hutus were ultimately transported by trucks to Gabiro, the RPF’s training wing at the edge of Akagera Park, where they were executed and burned.

    The witness said he believed that Giti was simply one of many areas in Rwanda where the RPF committed systematic massacres of Hutus. When pressed by investigators, he admitted that Giti was a ‘tree that hid a wider forest.’

    Other Testimony
    A former resident of Giti interviewed by this journalist said his father, a prominent Hutu in the community, was seized and killed within a few days after the RPF established a base there in April 1994.  To his horror he found his father’s body with several hundred other Hutus killed at Giti’s primary school. “The school courtyard was completely littered with corpses. And the classrooms inside were full. It was terrifying.” The witness, who is of mixed ethnicity with distinctive Tutsi features, said he was saved from being executed because of his mother was Tutsi and her relatives had ties to the RPF. He said he was appalled at how Tutsi neighbors he had known and trusted—people who had never been hurt by Hutus—identified and located Hutus in the village for the RPF to kill. They started with community leaders and moved onto peasants, he noted.


    A UN court set up to prosecute perpetrators of genocide and serious violations of international law has protected Kagame and his senior commanders: not one indictment against the RPF has ever been issued. In contrast, 95 individuals linked to the former Hutu regime were indicted and 61 were convicted.”
    Another former RPF intelligence official that broke with the regime said he remembers Tutsi civilian cadres actively killing in Giti and Rutare. “A cadre named Martin grabbed a machete and took a Hutu aside, and cut his head off.” In many cases, soldiers and civilians watched as entire families were butchered, he said.

    The former official alleges that civilian cadres came under the authority of the RPF’s political wing, known as the secretariat. The cadres’ role in eliminating Hutus was conceived by members of the RPF secretariat and the high command council, he insisted. There were an estimated 4,000 abakada in Rwanda during the genocide, and by the end of 1994, the RPF had recruited massively and increased their numbers to 15,000.

    A soldier now in exile said his Tutsi family hid grenades at their Kigali home before the genocide, and that the RPF had successfully ‘infiltrated’ the capital and other areas of Rwanda, with cadres and commandos by 1993.

    A former abakada who worked in RPF-controlled zones between April and July 1994 admitted there were three categories of cadres: those who provided social assistance and political indoctrination among the civilian population, a second category that assisted the war effort and facilitated crimes by denouncing and delivering Hutus over to death squads, and a third group of extremely zealous individuals who participated directly in the killings.

    In an interview, the ex cadre said many civilian cadres were caught and killed in Hutu controlled zones before Kagame’s forces seized territory.

    But in northern and eastern prefectures that came under RPF control quickly, cadres were free to carry out their dirty work, several sources confirmed. In other areas such as Gitarama, Butare and Ruhengeri, new cadres were recruited quickly in June and July, as those prefectures were seized by Kagame’s troops.

    In the prefecture of Gisenyi, for example, vast areas were empty in mid July by the time the RPF took control; a significant number of Hutus had fled to Zaire by then. But some stayed put in their homes and eventually were slaughtered. A soldier with the RPF’s Charlie battalion said civilian cadres operated with DMI units in Gisenyi and eliminated as many Hutus as possible. Further north in Ruhengeri, DMI units massacred Hutus in July and August at Camp Muhoza and buried the victims in mass graves nearby, according to testimony from a former DMI agent given to ICTR investigators.

    A soldier initially stationed in Byumba and later transferred to Kanombe said civilian cadres conducted widespread pillaging of Hutu properties and worked closely with political commissars in battalions. The political commissars would call bogus meetings, luring civilians and promising them food or security, only to have them killed afterward, the soldier explained.

    “In some cases, civilians were more extreme and zealous than the Rwandan Patriotic Army (RPA) was. The rank and file RPA soldier was trained for battle. The political commissars and civilian cadres who chose to work with DMI had other intentions,” he said.

    The soldier said the role of abakada and even Tutsi survivors in crimes is well known but never spoken of inside or outside Rwanda. He alleged that a good number of Tutsis are vehemently opposed to Kagame but are afraid to talk about the past because they are not willing to implicate themselves. “Kagame holds this over their heads.”

    “And Hutus have been completely silenced on the issue.” Hutus in Rwanda and abroad who dare accuse the RPF of crimes end up in jail, disappear or are charged with genocide, he noted.

    And yet Hutus and Tutsis have given crucial testimony to the ICTR and the UN refugee agency (UNHCR) about these atrocities.

    A Hutu refugee gave the UNHCR the names of a dozen Tutsis, comprised of abakada and neighbors that killed his teenage sister in April 1994 in the commune of Gituza. He described the Tutsis as a kind of militia, not unlike the Interahamwe. He said the Tutsis were armed with hoes and machetes when they brought his sister to their home while he hid in the garden behind the avocado trees, paralyzed by fear. He then listened in agony as they raped her, one by one, and set the bedroom on fire before leaving the premises. When he rushed in after they left, his sister was dead. The refugee fled to Tanzania, reported the crime but received no justice. The Tutsis responsible still hold prominent positions in the community, he said.

    A UN court set up to prosecute perpetrators of genocide and serious violations of international law has protected Kagame and his senior commanders: not one indictment against the RPF has ever been issued. In contrast, 95 individuals linked to the former Hutu regime were indicted and 61 were convicted.

    Kagame Given Criminal Reign
    The international community has ensured legal immunity for Kagame and allowed his regime to commit crimes after the genocide, both in Rwanda and in neighboring Congo, where he invaded in 1996 and his troops were accused by UN experts of possibly committing genocide.

    A senior Tutsi officer who fled in 2000 said the RPF recruited and eliminated thousands of young Hutu men in late 1994 and 1995, using civilian cadres in the campaign. The cadres worked with the gendarmerie, presidential guard units, the training wing and DMI agents to recruit and then execute these men, mostly in military camps but also in Akagera Park, he said. “It was done efficiently everywhere.” By that time DMI operations were headed by Emmanuel Karenzi Karake.

    Dozens of soldiers and officers interviewed insist that the RPF killed hundreds of thousands of Hutu civilians during and after 1994, in addition to Tutsi francophone recruits that were considered suspect by intelligence officers at the training wing.

    Several people interviewed said the RPF civilian cadres continue to wield power in Rwanda but are now called the intore. Over the last two decades, thousands of people—both Hutu and Tutsi—have been trained in secret camps at Nasho and Ndego in the Akagera. The intore work at home and abroad, and are comprised of nurses, doctors, teachers, university staff, bankers, taxi drivers, among other professionals. Most are trained to spy on Rwandans in all walks of life but some intore are given specialized training to assassinate and commit other crimes, the sources said.

    Nowhere in Rwanda is the state’s presence felt more acutely than at the local level through a neighborhood surveillance system called Nyumbakumi. The Nyumbakumi uses agents from military, political and civilian spheres to exert control: DMI agents, RPF secretariat members and their civilian auxiliaries known as intore monitor every 10 households.

    #1689

    Urubyiruko rukomoka mu batutsi rwitaweho na FPR ni mumenye ko ubutegetsi bwa Kagame burimo bubahemukira :
    Ir ni isesengura rya Mwalimu.
    Nkunze kubabwira ukuri kwanjye kuryana.
    Umubyeyi mubi n’ukuraga ibibazo utazabasha gucyemura, kandi we yarashoboraga kubicyemura mu gihe cye, ndavuga mu gihe yarakiriho.
    Kutabwira urubyiruko rwo mu bana b’abatutsi ko Kagame na FPR irimo ibahemukira kwaba ari ugukora ikosa rikomeye.
    Kugira ngo ibi byunvikane , reka mbihere ku bwa kayibanda, kuko nawe yakoze amakosa nkaya kagame.
    Ku ngoma ya Kayibanda , ubwo yaramaze guhirika ingoma ntutsi ya cyami, urubyiruko rw’abahutu rwaguye mu mutego, maze narwo rwunva ko ruri hejuru ya baganzi babo ba batutsi.
    Umwana w’umuhutu icyo gihe akunva ko igihugu aricye kurusha umwana w’umututsi.
    Hari ibyo Kayibanda yakoze kimwe na kagame
    Ku ngoma ya Kayibanda, yafashe umu ministre w’umututsi ba ariwe ashinga ikibazo cyo kujya gucyura impunzi z’abatutsi bari hanze.
    Iri njye mbona ari ikosa rishingiye kuronda koko, kuki umu ministre ugomba gucyura impunzi yagombaga kuba umututsi niba igihugu ari icyabanyarwanda ? kuki uwo mu ministre atagombaga kuba umuhutu cyangwa umutwa ?
    Ku ngoma ya Kagame nawe iryo kosa yarongeye ararikora :
    Kagame mu gucyemura ikibazo cy’impunzi z’abahutu, nawe yafashe aba ministre babahutu aba aribo ashinga ikibazo cyo gucyura impunzi z’abahutu bene wabo.
    Kuki rero iri ronda koko ryakozwe na Kayibanda na kagame yongeye kurikora ?
    niba u Rwanda ari urwatwese ni kuki hataba undi mu ministre w’umutwa cyangwa w’umututsi ngo ariwe ujya gucyura impunzi zabanyarwanda ? impanvu se nukugira ngo izo mpunzi zibashe kwizera uwo mu ministre bakomoka mu bwoko bumwe ? ibi se birashoboka kandi urwanda ruvuga
    ko nta bwoko bukiba mu Rwanda ?
    Ngaho ibaze mbere yuko Ministre Sarafina Mukantabana ajyaho , hamanje Gatsinzi bose babahutu, iri ni ikosa mu myunvire .
    Nangwa na Kagame na kayibanda bo baragerageje , kubwa Habyarimana we wagira ngo ikibazo cy’impunzi ntacyo cyari kimubwiye :
    Guheramuli 1973 kugeza 1990 mbere yuko umutwe w’inkotanyi utera u Rwanda , Habyarimana nta mu ministre numwe yari yarashyizeho ngo yige ikibazo cyo gcyura impunzi z’Abanyarwanda.
    Kuri Habyarimana icyo kibazo cyasaga nkaho kitabagaho.
    Ibyo kayibanda yari yaragerageje gukora byo gucyura impunzi Habyarimana we yaraje arabihuhura ahubwo atangira kujya gusaba ibihugu impunzi zahungiyemo kubakira no kubatuzayo burundu, akoresheje yanvugo ye ngo Urwanda rwaruzuye, nkaho we arufiteho ububasha kurusha abandi.
    Byagenze bite umutwe witerabwoba wiyise FPR umaze gutera ?
    Ibitero bya FPR byaje bikurikiranye nishingwa ryamashyaka menshi , biza gutuma rya kosa ryakozwe cyera ryongera gukorwa .
    Mu gihe cya mashyaka menshi, ikibazo cyo gucyura impunzi bagishinze umu ministre w’umututsi witwa Ndasingwa Landouard umwe musaza wa Louise Mushikiwabo.
    Uyu niwe wari ushinzwe ministeri yarimo inshingano zo gucyura impunzi.
    Murunva ko ikibazo cyerekeranye n’impunzi buri gihe bagiha umu ministre ukomoka mu bwoko bwa babantu bari mu buhungiro , iyo atari abahutu aba ari abatutsi.
    Reka twigarukire ku ngingo yatuzinduye :
    Urubyiruko rwabatutsi kagame arimo araruhemukira cyane ndetse na FPR irimo iraruroha tumaze imyaka irenga 20 abana babatutsi bo bitabwaho na Leta , yarabashyiriyeho ibigega bishinzwe kubitaho , bibarihira amashuri binabaha ubundi bubafasha butandukanye , muri ibyo bigega harimo FARGE hakabaho Ibuka, avega , agahozo, nibindi byinshi bishinzwe gutabara no kunganira abatutsi bitirirwa kuba barakorewe genocide .

    Abatutsi bakorerwa ibi byose, ngo kubera ko bo bakorewe genocide yakorewe Abatutsi.
    Aya ni amakosa akomeye cyane.
    Nuko urubyiruko rw’abatutsi rutareba kure, ibyo ubutegetsi bubakorera ni bibi cyane ., birakurura inzangano hagati ya bagenzi babo b’abahutu
    Gufasha nibyo rwose simbyanze ndetse ndabishyigikiye .
    Haba kurihirwa amashuri, cyangwa kubakirwa , nabyo ndabishyigikiye kuko biba ari ugufasha imfubyi.
    Ariko se ko abahutu bishwe na FPR barenze miriyoni eshatu, na nubu bakaba bacyicwa, ko hari umubare mu nini w’abahutu bishwe guhera muli 1990 kugeza 1994, abandi bakicwa rubozo mu myaka yose yakurikiye ifatwa ry’ubutegetsi na FPR , ni kuki izo mpfubyi z’abahutu zo zitemerewe gufashwa na Leta ya FPR kandi ari nayo yabatsembeye imiryango ?
    Iki kibazo bamwe muri mwe mutareba kure mucyeka ko cyoroshye nyamara kirakomeye cyane.
    Umunsi ingoma ya kagame yahirimwe , FPR igasenyuka dore ko aribyo abanyarwanda bose bifuza, abana babahutu bazahaguruka babaze impanvu bo bagizwe imfubyi na FPR ya kagame kandi nti hagire ikigenga kibitaho. Iki kibazo bazakibaza ubutegetsi buzaba buriho icyo gihe

    Hari ibintu byinshi abana ba bahutu bazabaza nyuma yitembagazwa ryingoma ya Kagame :
    Muribyo harimo uburenganzira bw’abahutu kwibumbira mu mashyirahamwe yabo ameze nka IBUKA y’abahutu,
    Gushyingura ababo bishwe na FPR kumugaragara
    Gusaba ubutabera ku miryango yabahutu yishwe na FPR
    Gushyiraho ibigenga birihira abana babahutu amashuri nkuko byari bimeze ku ngoma ya kagame ubwo abatutsi aribo bonyine barihirwaga .
    Ibi byose ni ibibazo nifuje ko buri wese yatekerezaho ,
    Kuko byanze bikunze ihirima ryingoma ya Kagame , nisenyuka rya FPR ibi ni bimwe mu bibazo bizahita bijya ahagaragara.
    Ubwo kandi sinvuwe ibibazo bindi by’ingutu bizavugwa umunsi mu Rwanda hageze demokarasi, habaka amashyaka yigenga; namashyirahamwe atagendera kuri leta, ndasize nitangazamakuru ryigenga .
    Muri macye Urubyiruko rw’abatutsi ni rumenye ko FPR na Kagame politique bakoresha arimbi cyane mu byerereye ubwiyunge nubusabane mu bana burwanda
    Nide washoboraga gucyeka ko ubutegetsi bwa gisilikare bw’iburundi bwari bufitwe n’abatutsi gusa, bwageze aho bukavaho ? niba abatusti bategekaga iburundi baravuyeho ninde wahakana ko no mu Rwanda ubutegetsi bwabatutsi bwa kagame butazavaho
    Igikenewe kurusha ibindi byose ni umutegetsi uwaduha ubutegetsi bw’abanyarwanda, butagendera kubyahutu , cyangwa abatutsi, ubutegsti buzatuma buri wese yibonamo ubunyarwada buha ukureshya imbere yamategeko yigihugu.
    Ubwami bw’abatutsi bwakoze amakosa mabi menshi , kayibanda akora amakosa; Habyarimana akora amakosa; kagame ari gukora ya makosa; dukeneye umuntu uzaturinda ayo makosa yose abo bose bakoze ;
    Yali Mwalimu .

Viewing 10 posts - 1 through 10 (of 63 total)
  • You must be logged in to reply to this topic.